There is not a easy 'Yes' or 'No' answer on this question. It depends. Let me explain :
A human being is a composite being :
- The Is-be (soul)
- The body (brain, nerves, muscles, heart, etc)
- The mind (composed of all considerations, conclusions, agreements made by the Is-be)
- The genetic entity (the entity who keep the body alive, make the heart beat, repair damaged tissue, etc)
- Other entities
So depending on where the aberration is from, answer can be 'yes' or 'no'.
For instance, if a person have a damaged optic nerves (let's say because he fixed the sun for too long) and the person is blind, then yes he will be cured of this affliction when he will leave the body.
However, if somebody is a serial killer, agree to be a serial killer and his vibration as a is-be is compatible with the beingness of a serial killer, then he will likely be one in his next lifetime too.